Saturday, June 13, 2015

All about Toads

Last night I was getting things ready for our township's clean up days and I spotted this four inch long toad.

Information from: -- A toad is any of a number of species of amphibians in the order Anura (frogs) that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs and snout-like parotoid glands.  A distinction between frogs and toads is not made in scientific taxonomy, but is common in popular culture in which toads are associated with drier skin and more terrestrial habitats than animals commonly called frogs

The function of the bumps on the skins of toads has been speculated to be to help the animal to blend more effectively into its environment by breaking up its visual outline.  The bumps commonly are referred to as "warts", but this is fanciful; they have nothing to do with warts, being fixed in size, present on healthy specimens and are not a result of infection or injury.

Toads, like many amphibians, exhibit breeding site fidelity (philopatry). Individual toads return to their natal ponds to breed where they are likely to encounter siblings as potential mates. Although incest is possible, siblings rarely mate. Toads recognize and actively avoid mating with close kin. Advertisement vocalizations given by males appear to serve as cues by which females recognize kin and thus allows avoidance of inbreeding.

From the webpage I am sharing the following chart.

Hind legs
Long, powerful jumping legs
Shorter legs for walking or hopping
Frogs lay eggs in clusters, young live in water
Toads lay eggs in long chains; some toads do not   lay eggs but give birth to live young, young live in water
Moist and smooth
Dry and bumpy

Amphibians, keeping mostly in water
Amphibians, keeping mostly on land
Prefer moist environments
Prefer dry environment but adapt to moist conditions as well.
Frogs have vomerine teeth in their upper jaw.
Toads have no teeth.

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